Small claims are civil matters where an individual or company is seeking compensation for the violation of a private legal right or for damages against an individual or entity. A small claim can result in a judgment for the plaintiff (the person bringing the action) or the defendant (the person the action is being filed against). A small claim can also result in the dismissal of the claim. There are numerous types of small claims including, but not limited to suit on account, suit on a note, suit on a debt, petition in trover and suit for damages.
Once a small claim has been filed, the defendant has thirty (30) days from the date of service to file an answer with the court plus an additional fifteen (15) days to open the default. If the defendant does not file an answer, the plaintiff is responsible for contacting the court after the forty-sixth (46th) day to request a default judgment or hearing.